Proponents of mulesing are largely from australia where severe and often fatal flystrike is common. Other breeds tend to have less loose skin, and wool, so close to the tail and may have less dense wool. Topical protein-based treatments which kill wool follicles and tighten skin in the breech area ( plastic clips on the sheeps skin folds which act like castration bands, removing the skin ( as a 1 formulation dip where tests have shown a 100 kill rate of first stage maggots and a strong repellent effect against adult flies, which prevented eggs being laid on the wool for up to six weeks.
In june 2009, british department store chain john lewis joined the wool boycott. However, in the absence of more humane alternatives for preventing breech strike, the ava accepts that the practice of mulesing should continue as a sheep husbandry procedure. You can help, too, by refusing to buy wool of any kind.
They have also argued that mulesing may mask genetic susceptibility to flystrike allowing for genetic weaknesses to be continued. Proceedings of the second national symposium-sheep blowfly and flystrike in sheep, sydney. Some european retailers have agreed to lift their ban on australian merino wool if pain relief is used during mulesing.
Mulesing is the removal of skin to provide permanent resistance to breech strike in sheep. Attracted to the moisture, flies lay eggs in the folds of skin, and the hatched maggots can eat the sheep alive. Studies have shown that flystrike is lower in plain bodied sheep.
When managed according to the standards, policies and procedures developed by the are normally mulesed a few weeks after birth. . Many sheep who have undergone the mulesing mutilation still suffer slow, agonizing deaths from flystrike.
The procedure was refined, experimented with, and demonstrated to reduce flystrike. However, mulesed animals had consistently lower flystrike than unmulesed regardless of body type. Lambs that are slaughtered soon after weaning generally do not need mulesing because they can be protected by chemical treatment for the short time they are at risk. At the time mulesing was invented, crutching was done with blade shears. Present (2011) approach of awi is that it supports all woolgrowers in their choice of best practice animal health and hygiene in flystrike control, including the practice of mulesing without pain relief, but aims to provide animal welfare improvements such as pain relief and antiseptics.
Rural press, richmond, 18 december 2008 staton, j ethical wool emerging, but what is it?, p. You can help, too, by refusing to buy wool of any kind. We never considered the impact of these actions on the animals involved. Sheep can be spared maggot infestation through humane methods such as diet regulation, spray washing, and simply breeding types of sheep who are better suited for the australian climate. In early 2008, the company signed an exclusive worldwide agreement with the srs company to source wool from non-mulesed merino sheep that have been bred specifically to be naturally resistant to.
Hand shears were being used when mules inadvertently carried out the procedure during crutching. While the lamb is under restraint (typically in a marking cradle), the wrinkled skin in the animals breech ( area) is cut away from the perianal region down to the top of the hindlimbs. Alternatives to mulesing must meet health standards for both the lamb and its handlers in addition to being safe for consumption as merino sheep bred on selection principles may be more resistant to flystrike because they are plain bodied (lower skin wrinkling around the breech). The procedure was refined, experimented with, and demonstrated to reduce flystrike. The ewes and suckling lambs should receive minimal disturbance until all wounds are completely healed (about four weeks).
Using breeding principles, wrinkle-skinned merino flocks which require mulesing have been transformed into plain-bodied and mules-free flocks within five years. Proceedings of the second national symposium-sheep blowfly and flystrike in sheep, sydney. Current codes of practice ban mulesing for sheep over 12 months of age. However, lambs appear to cope with the procedure better than older sheep as the actual area of removed on young lambs is quite small, and they are protected for an extra year as well. The rams and semen from these studs are used in over 3,000 of the 45,000 merino farms in australia. Present (2011) approach of awi is that it supports all woolgrowers in their choice of best practice animal health and hygiene in flystrike control, including the practice of mulesing without pain relief, but aims to provide animal welfare improvements such as pain relief and antiseptics. The ava also supports the use of accepts mulesing when the risk of flystrike is very high, when it is done properly, and even then only as a last resort. This unnatural overload of wool causes many sheep to collapse and even die of heat exhaustion during hot months, and the wrinkles collect urine and moisture. For young lambs older than two months, the discomfort period seems to last for approximately two weeks by which time healing is almost, if not entirely, complete. The wool around the buttocks can retain feces and urine, which attracts flies.Mulesing is a surgical procedure during which the skin around the breech and tail ... agreed to cease mulesing sheep by 2010 and to investigate alternatives to ...